Topic: Moon Phases
K.ESS.2 Describe and compare objects seen in the night and day sky, observing that the sun and moon move across the sky.
Learning Objective: Students will be able to identify and label the phases of the moon.
- Main Book:
- Owl Moon, by Jane Yolen
- Supplemental Books:
- Many Moons, by James Thurber
- The Moon Book, by Gail Gibbons
- Faces of the Moon, by Bob Crelin
- K.W.L. Chart
- Paper Plate Moon Phases
- Oreos (Make sure you have enough Oreos for each child to have 10. 8 Oreos for the project, 1 if they need to make a correction, 1 to eat.)
- Plastic knives to scrape the icing on the Oreos.
- Oreo Moons Printable (It can be the one shown below or another one found online. There are many resources available with a similar handout.)
- Moon Phases Assessment (Found on TeachersPayTeachers for free.)
Time needed: 60 minutes (Allow for additional preparation time before lesson.)
- Create a K.W.L. Chart (in paper form or on a Smartboard) with students.
- K – Have students describe what they already know about the moon.
- W – Ask students what they would like to learn about the moon or questions they have.
- Read Owl Moon aloud. Allow for questions, connections and ideas to be discussed during the reading. Refer back to the K.W.L. chart throughout to see if questions were answered or add to the last column, “What We Have Learned.”
- Discuss the phases of the moon, using a paper plate example up on the board. This allows students to see a physical representation and will assist them in the exploration activity.
- Armed with the knowledge of the reading (and any additional books), students will have the opportunity to create the phases of the moon with the provided supplies.
- Leave the paper plate phases of the moon up on the board so that students may have a large visual to assist them.
- Their moon cycle must have 8 components: new moon, crescent, half moon, waxing gibbous, full moon, waning gibbous, half moon and crescent.
(The STEM Labratory, on TeachersPayTeachers)
- Encourage students to analyze their Oreo moons.
- Did they create each phase of the moon?
- Was it difficult to create the phases? What would have made it easier?
- What is their favorite moon phase?
- If they were to create this again, what materials would they like to use next time?
- Pair students up with a partner and have them complete the, “Phases of the MOon,” handout together to assess comprehension and ability to work with a partner.
- Complete the, “What We Learned,” column of the K.W.L. chart as a group.
- Have students track the different phases of the moon at home, for an entire month. Each night students can color in the picture of the moon based on how they see it. At the end of each week, bring the moon logs to group time to discuss the student’s current findings!